Epistemic Cognition

"Preparing students to be 21st century critical thinkers requires research on epistemic cognition—how to create, evaluate, and use knowledge," (Greene & Yu, 2016)

Research

"Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a

framework to improve and optimize teaching and learning for all people based on scientific insights into

how humans learn." ~ CAST

"Specifically, individuals engage in epistemic cognition when they activate personal beliefs about the nature of knowledge and knowing (i.e., epistemic beliefs), define epistemic aims and criteria for knowing, and use evaluation and justification strategies to address issues of knowledge and knowing," (Muis et al. 2021)

 
Functional Fixedness

"Functional fixedness is a cognitive bias that describes how previous knowledge of a tool's function can negatively impact the use of this tool in novel contexts," (Munoz-Rubke, 2018)

Research

"Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a

framework to improve and optimize teaching and learning for all people based on scientific insights into

how humans learn." ~ CAST